Am I eligible for a 12.44 Reduction?
WHAT IS A 12.44 REDUCTION AND AM I ELIGIBLE?
Section 12.44 of the Texas Penal Code allows defendants charged with a state jail felony to receive a misdemeanor punishment.
What are Texas State Jail Felonies?
- Burglary of a building
- Coercing a minor to join a gang by threatening violence
- Credit card abuse
- Criminally negligent homicide
- Criminal nonsupport
- Cruelty to animals
- DWI with child passenger
- Evading arrest in a vehicle
- False alarm or report
- Forgery of a check
- Fraudulent use / possession of identification
- White collar fraud getting a hard money loan
- Improper photography or visual recording
- Interference of child custody
- Possession of less than one gram of a controlled substance
- Theft of something valued between $1,500 and $20,000
- Unauthorized use of a vehicle
WHAT IS THE PUNISHMENT RANGE FOR A TEXAS STATE JAIL FELONY?
The punishment range for a State Jail Felony in Texas is 180 days to two years in the State Jail Division of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) and up to a $10,000 fine. Texas created this lower level felony to address the overcrowding in prisons caused by extensive prosecution of drug related crimes.
- Can you earn good time credit or parole on Texas state jail felony?Inmates cannot earn good time or parole in a state jail facility, which is why most seek a reduction in punishment through 12.44(a) or 12.44(b)
WHAT IS A 12.44 REDUCTION OF A STATE JAIL FELONY TO A MISDEMEANOR?
Section 12.44 (a) of the Texas Penal Code states:
“a court may punish a defendant who is convicted of a state jail felony by imposing the confinement permissible as punishment for a Class A misdemeanor if, after considering the gravity and circumstances of the felony committed and the history, character, and rehabilitative needs of the defendant, the court finds that such punishment would best serve the ends of justice.”
Under 12.44(a), instead of sending someone to prison, a criminal court can sentence a defendant charged with a state jail felony to county jail, where misdemeanor offenders are sentenced. The maximum period of confinement is 1 year.
Reduction under 12.44(a) does not require the prosecuting attorney to agree. This means the judge can decide to do this at sentencing, and it’s not limited to only plea bargains.
Unfortunately, even if the punishment is reduced, a state jail felony punished under 12.44(a) is still a felony conviction, which means:
- You are not eligible for an expunction;
- You are not eligible for probation from a jury if charged with a subsequent felony;
- You cannot own or possess a firearm; and
- You are prohibited from voting and jury service.
However, instead of serving six months to two years in a state jail facility (day-for-day), you can be sentenced to:
- Up to one year in county jail receiving whatever “good time credit” the sheriff running allows. Due to overcrowding, this can sometimes be 2-for-1 or 3-for-1), or;
- Two years of probation.
WHAT IS A 12.44(b) REDUCTION IN TEXAS?
Section 12.44(b) of the Texas Penal Code provides that “at the request of the prosecuting attorney, the court may authorize the prosecuting attorney to prosecute a state jail felony as a Class A misdemeanor.”
This powerful option keeps a felony conviction off your record and requires the prosecutor to agree to the reduction. The prosecutor can request (through plea bargain or at sentencing) that the judge reduce a state jail felony to a Class A misdemeanor. While 12.44(b) has the same two possible sentences, it does not result in a felony conviction.
A conviction under 12.44(b) is a misdemeanor conviction. An offense that is prosecuted under 12.44(b) cannot later be used to enhance other felony offenses.
DO I QUALIFY FOR A 12.44 REDUCTION?
If you have been charged with a state jail felony, it is critical to hire an experienced criminal defense lawyer. 12.44 reductions must be strategically sought out in Texas. The first step is to determine eligibility. From there, an experienced attorney can begin the process of working towards a 12.44 reduction – whether through the judge, prosecutor, or both.
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Trey Porter is a dynamic advocate, nationally recognized for his work in Criminal Defense. He has been voted by his peers as a best lawyer in the field of Criminal and DWI Defense every year since 2015. Recognized by SuperLawyers, Mr. Porter has also been distinguished as a Top 40 Under 40 Criminal Defense Lawyer by the National Trial Lawyers Association. Mr. Porter holds a Superb rating from AVVO, where attorneys are rated based on skillful litigation, client satisfaction, peer endorsements, and positive results. Learn more.
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He was prompt, professional and poised. I was charged with DWI, and Mr Porter got the charge dismissed. I could not be more pleased or thankful. If you get a DWI, hire the best — hire Trey Porter.
WE FIGHT FOR DISMISSAL
WE FIGHT FOR DISMISSAL
DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED .15
Driving facts involved failing to maintain a single lane and speeding. Client refused breath test and forced law enforcement to obtain search warrant for blood. Blood test result was not used after challenge from Defense, and State waived and abandoned charge.
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE
Client was a college student, worried about the collateral consequences of an alcohol offense. After negotiation and review of the traffic stop, the case was dismissed. Client received no criminal conviction. The charge was later expunged and deleted from client’s record.
DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED .15+
Client was involved in minor accident. Client was at fault in accident. A young executive, client was concerned that a criminal conviction for DWI would result in termination. After review of the traffic stop, it was clear the officer lacked probable cause for arrest. State eventually dismissed DWI charge. Client received no criminal conviction.
Client, a military veteran, was facing up to one year in jail. State could not prove intoxication by alcohol, and was prepared to proceed on loss of use by marijuana. After challenging the State to prove that marijuana was ingested at or near time of driving, and that marijuana impaired client’s driving, the State dismissed the case on the day of trial.
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE
Driving facts involved a false claim by police that taillight was out. After challenging the reasonable suspicion for the traffic stop, the State was forced to dismiss the case when video did not match police report. Client has since expunged arrest, and has no criminal record.
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE
Client is a public school teacher and faced immediate termination upon conviction. The facts of the case were bad. State was unwilling to budge in negotiation, and matter was set for trial – the last shot at avoiding a conviction and preserving client’s livelihood. State was forced to dismiss on day of trial. Client has no criminal record, and has since expunged the DWI arrest.
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If you have been arrested and charged with a crime, the State is working on your conviction. It’s time to start building your defense.