Texas Penal Code 39.07 – Failure to Comply with Immigration Detainer Request
WHAT IS FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST IN TEXAS?
The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency (“ICE”) may issue an immigration detainer request, sometimes called an “ICE hold,” for suspected illegal aliens. ICE holds require local enforcement agencies to maintain custody of people who would otherwise be released, until the federal government can assume custody. If local officials knowingly release suspected illegal immigrants, they may be charged with the offense of failure to comply with immigration detainer request.
WHAT IS THE FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST LAW IN TEXAS?
Tex. Penal Code § 39.07. FAILING TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST.
(a) A person who is a sheriff, chief of police, or constable or a person who otherwise has primary authority for administering a jail commits an offense if the person:
(1) has custody of a person subject to an immigration detainer request issued by United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement; and
(2) knowingly fails to comply with the detainer request.
(b) An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.
(c) It is an exception to the application of this section that the person who was subject to an immigration detainer request described by Subsection (a)(1) had provided proof that the person is a citizen of the United States or that the person has lawful immigration status in the United States, such as a Texas driver’s license or similar government-issued identification.
WHAT IS THE PENALTY CLASS FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST IN TEXAS?
Failure to comply with an immigration detainer request is a Class A misdemeanor, punishable by up to one year in county jail.
WHAT IS THE PUNISHMENT RANGE FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST IN TEXAS?
Failure to comply with an immigration detainer request, a Class A misdemeanor, carries a possible punishment of up to one year in jail, and a maximum fine of $4,000.
WHAT ARE THE PENALTIES FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST IN TEXAS?
A person charged with failing to comply with an immigration detainer request may be eligible for probation after a conviction, or deferred adjudication without a conviction, for a maximum period of two years.
WHAT ARE THE DEFENSES TO FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST IN TEXAS?
The law carves out an exception for failing to comply with an immigration detainer request, rather than a defense, if the detainee with an ICE hold provided proof of lawful immigration status.
- What is the difference between an exception and a defense? If a statute labels a provision an exception, the State must allege and prove beyond a reasonable doubt, in addition to the elements of the offense, that the exception does not apply. A defense, by contrast, must be raised by the accused, who also carries the evidentiary burden of proof.For the failure to comply with immigration detainer requests, the State must allege and prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the accused knowingly released a person who had an ICE hold, and the person did not show the accused proof of citizenship or other lawful immigration status.
WHAT IS THE STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST IN TEXAS?
The limitation period for the failure to comply with an immigration detainer request, a Class A misdemeanor, is two years.
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST IN TEXAS
In response to “sanctuary city” policies of certain law enforcement agencies who refused to detain suspected illegal immigrants, the Texas Legislature enacted this law punishing such conduct.
TEXAS FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUEST COURT CASES
The case law regarding failure to comply with an immigration detainer request in Texas has shows the statute’s constitutionality being called into question.
In City of El Cenizo v. Texas, the Fifth Circuit upheld the constitutionality of the statutory scheme. Texas cities, counties, and local officials challenged the law forbidding sanctuary city policies throughout the state, arguing the law was unconstitutionally vague. The Fifth Circuit determined the law did not violate the Constitution on its face, and Texas could enforce it against cities openly refusing to comply with immigration detainer requests. 890 F.3d 164 (5th Cir. 2018).
Glowing Client Reviews
Trey is the man! I hired him because I had overheard a county court judge mentioning how awesome of an attorney he is, so if an endorsement from a judge won’t convince you then I’m not sure what will. I sure do hope I never find myself in a pickle ever again but if I do, I would hire Trey in a heartbeat. He’s honest, transparent, doesn’t beat around the bush, and will work tirelessly so that your clean record stays clean and unblemished. 5 stars, highly recommend!
I recently hired Trey Porter Law to help our teenage daughter with a drug charge. In the state of Texas she was being charged as an adult which carried a much stiffer penalty. Trey is very responsive, helpful, knowledgeable and is always available to answer any questions or concerns via phone, text or email. He was able to negotiate on her behalf so it was a pleasant experience. I would highly recommend Trey Porter Law.
Trey really helped me out. He was straight forward and professional, and really helped me in my case. I thought i was going to lose my job, but trey did everything in his power to help me keep my way of life, and still keeps up with me any details on my case.
I really appreciated all he did for me.
Trey is a phenomenal attorney that gets the job done right! He is dedicated to help his clients.
He made himself available and answered all my concerns immediately! I had faith in him and he continued to prove his expertise by helping me. I highly recommend Trey Porter!!
Trey Porter fought for me! I am a nurse and thought my career was over.
Very thankful I got Trey Porter involved. He responds to messages regularly and was very thorough.
He saved my career. Forever grateful!
Mr Porter is the real deal. You get what you pay for these days. I know that from my personal business dealings. Attorney Trey Porter was no different.
He was prompt, professional and poised. I was charged with DWI, and Mr Porter got the charge dismissed. I could not be more pleased or thankful. If you get a DWI, hire the best — hire Trey Porter.
WE FIGHT FOR DISMISSAL
WE FIGHT FOR DISMISSAL
DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED .15
Driving facts involved failing to maintain a single lane and speeding. Client refused breath test and forced law enforcement to obtain search warrant for blood. Blood test result was not used after challenge from Defense, and State waived and abandoned charge.
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE
Client was a college student, worried about the collateral consequences of an alcohol offense. After negotiation and review of the traffic stop, the case was dismissed. Client received no criminal conviction. The charge was later expunged and deleted from client’s record.
DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED .15+
Client was involved in minor accident. Client was at fault in accident. A young executive, client was concerned that a criminal conviction for DWI would result in termination. After review of the traffic stop, it was clear the officer lacked probable cause for arrest. State eventually dismissed DWI charge. Client received no criminal conviction.
Client, a military veteran, was facing up to one year in jail. State could not prove intoxication by alcohol, and was prepared to proceed on loss of use by marijuana. After challenging the State to prove that marijuana was ingested at or near time of driving, and that marijuana impaired client’s driving, the State dismissed the case on the day of trial.
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE
Driving facts involved a false claim by police that taillight was out. After challenging the reasonable suspicion for the traffic stop, the State was forced to dismiss the case when video did not match police report. Client has since expunged arrest, and has no criminal record.
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE
Client is a public school teacher and faced immediate termination upon conviction. The facts of the case were bad. State was unwilling to budge in negotiation, and matter was set for trial – the last shot at avoiding a conviction and preserving client’s livelihood. State was forced to dismiss on day of trial. Client has no criminal record, and has since expunged the DWI arrest.
Contact Trey Porter Today
Request a free consultation
The stakes are high. Criminal charges can have devastating, lifelong consequences. During the free, confidential consultation, Mr. Porter will answer questions surrounding your legal matter, and discuss and identify potential defenses.
If you have been arrested and charged with a crime, the State is working on your conviction. It’s time to start building your defense.